Giraffa, rinoceronte e bisonte - citati nella Bibbia come animali kosher - in realtà non lo sarebbero stando ad un recente studio di Guy Bar-Oz e Ram Buchnik, dell’Università di Haifa, e a Zohar Amar della Bar-Ilan University:

  1. The study, which examined zoological findings at 133 sites dating back to the biblical period, is based on the hypothesis that animals described in the Bible existed at the time and place of its writing.


  1. According to Deuteronomy 14, there are 10 species permitted for consumption: “These are the beasts which ye may eat: the ox, the sheep, and the goat; the ayal, the zvi, the yakhmur, and the aqqo, the dishon, the teo and the zemer.” Until now, the basis for identification of the species has been for the most part based on linguistic and cultural studies. “The first three species have been easily identified, but the rest have been disputed over the years,”

Più avanti.

  1. The biblical dishon, which has been identified by some as the rhinoceros, is most likely an Arabian oryx, the researchers found. The teo, identified by some as the bison, is more likely a buffalo, according to the study. And the zemer, which has been identified by some as the giraffe, is more likely a member of the ibex family, the study concluded.

Lo studio può essere interessante per i paleozoologi, ma cercare di identificare animali come lo צבי mi sembra del tutto inutile. L’aspetto interessante è che non sono mai stati trovati resti di giraffe, bisonti o rinoceronti durante gli scavi in antichi insediamenti di israeliti, a testimonianza di come, probabilmente, essi li considerassero animali impuri.